Special Requirements of Heat Pump Systems

The installation, maintenance, and operating efficiency of the heat pump system are like those of no other comfort system. A heat pump system requires the same air quantity for heating and cooling. Because of this, the air moving capability of an existing furnace is extremely important. It should be carefully checked before a heat pump is added. Heating and load calculations must be accurate. System design and installation must be precise.

The air-distribution system and diffuser location are equally important. Supply ducts must be properly sized and insulated. Adequate return air is also a must.

Heating supply air is cooler than with other systems. This is quite noticeable to homeowners accustomed to gas or oil heat. This makes diffuser location and system balancing critical. Typical installations of heat pumps are shown in Fig. 17-22.

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